Ielts and business english students often ask us teachers the same old question: how can i describe a graph in english it's a common problem and it is an essential part of english learning if you want to pass an academic exam like ielts or business like the bulats test (business language testing service from cambridge english exams. Business writing tip giving a list of verbs, nouns, adjectives and adverbs to use to describe charts and graphs in reports and presentations. Useful graphs, bar graphs and pie charts line graph: international student enrollment in the united states (pdf) stock values line graph (pdf. Describing line graphs (1) look at the following simple line graph: it shows the population of denmark from 1996 to 2007 you can see that in 1996 the population was. Describing graphs one of the most common types of graphs in the sciences is and x-y scatter plot in which one variable is plotted against another a graph of elevation versus horizontal distance is a good example and an intuitive starting point for geoscience students.
Introduction to describing graphs and tables a pie chart in many subject areas you may need to refer to numbers, statistics and other data during the course of your studies. The graph shows the fluctuation in the number of people at a london underground station over the course of a day the busiest time of the day is in the morning there is a sharp increase between 06:00 and 08:00, with 400 people using the station at 8 o'clock. The english teacher analyses various different graph descriptions in terms of verb and adverb collocations, adjective and noun collocations, prepositions and numbers.
Describing the graph: the x-axis shows the variable of time in units of years, and the y-axis shows the range of the variable of co 2 concentration in units of parts per million (ppm) the dots are individual measurements of concentrations - the numbers shown in table 1. To describe the graph in figure 1, for example, you could say: the rate of photosynthesis increases as temperature increases until a set temperature where the rate then falls back to zero if you can see numbers on the graph's scales, you should also quote some values to validate your descriptions. Describing graphs exercise 1 read the reports on the sales results of different division of sony and match each one to the correct graph 1 music group sales went up slightly in 1991, then fell slightly in 1992 and 1993. A graph is a diagram , usually a line or curve , which shows how two or more sets of numbers or measurements are related 6 a table is a set of facts and figures arranged in columns and rowsa table is a very useful way of organising numerical information.
In the english-speaking business world you may have to discuss the information on graphs here we take a look at some of the vocabulary we use to describe graph trends. Describing graph trends language of change this exercise introduces some common vocabulary and grammar needed for describing graph trends the language that can be used for describing graphs in ielts is extensive. When we represent a graph or run an algorithm on a graph, we often want to use the sizes of the vertex and edge sets in asymptotic notation for example, suppose that we want to talk about a running time that is linear in the number of vertices. Describing graphs worksheet this is an introductory describing graphs vocabulary worksheet for english language learners first, students sort the words into the apprpriate columnsin the second exercise they match the phrases to the correct lines on the graph.
Describing graphs below are some examples of how to describe different graphs remember - you should be able to say something interesting about every graph you make. A bar chart is orientated horizontally, whereas a column chart is arranged vertically sometimes bar chart refers to both forms these types of charts are usually used for comparison purposes (unlike line charts, which describe change. However, if you use a hint, this problem won't count towards your progress try your best to work it out first.
So, describe the movement of the line(s) of the graph giving numerical detail at the important points of the line to describe the movement, there is some language which will always be useful below is a list of language you can use. Describing graphs phrases this article contains a list of the most common and useful describing graphs phrases in english here you will learn how to introduce graphs, how to explain and interpret graphs, diagrams, trends, and how to make conclusions from graphs. Look at the following simple line graph: it shows the population of denmark from 1996 to 2007 you can see that in 1996 the population was 525 million and that by the year 2007 it had grown to 545 million. Describing graphs these are phrases commonly used to describe rises and falls in reporting information on graphs.
As can be seen from the graph, as is shown / illustrated by the graph, example: the graph shows the percentage of children using supplements in a place over a year you can use a combination of adjective + noun, or verb + adverb, to avoid repeating the same phrase example: there was a sharp. In the last two exercises on describing trends, we looked at the different ways to describe increases and decreases in graphs/charts (eg rise, fall sharply etc) it is important to know this, but if you want to sound more fluent when describing changes in graphs/charts, you need to know more advanced vocabulary.