Catherine ii, also known as catherine the great, was an empress of russia who ruled from 1762-1796, the longest reign of any female russian leader. Recognized worldwide as a noteworthy historical figure, catherine the great was one of the most prominent rulers of russia and a figure deserving of admiration during her rule from 1762 to 1796 the russian empress catherine ii made such progress in political power that it is hard to find similar examples in world history. Alternative titles: catherine ii, sophie friederike auguste, prinzessin von anhalt-zerbst, yekaterina alekseyevna, yekaterina velikaya russia at the time was ruled by peter the great's daughter, the empress elizabeth, whose 20-year reign greatly stabilized the monarchy devoted to much pleasure.
Catherine the great was empress of russia between 9 july 1762 and november 17, 1796 catherine seized power from her husband, peter iii, in a coup d'etat and, seeing herself as an enlightened despot, reigned over what is regarded by many as a golden era of russian enlightenment and expansion. Catherine was the first woman to rule imperial russia, opening the legal path for a century almost entirely dominated by women, including her daughter elizabeth and granddaughter-in-law catherine the great, all of whom continued peter the great's policies in modernizing russia. Catherine ii was a sophisticated patron of the arts, and during her reign, russia adopted western european philosophies and culture in later years, a campaign by russian emperor alexander i.
Catherine ii (l762-1796), a german princess who became empress of russia after disposing of her ineffectual husband was one of the most successful european monarchs. The russian republic was established immediately after the russian revolution of 1917 and became a union republic in 1922 during the post-world war ii era, russia was a central player in international affairs, locked in a cold war struggle with the united states. The future empress catherine ii of russia was born as sophie friederike auguste von anhalt-zerbst-dornburg as the daughter of christian august, prince of anhalt-zerbst and princess johanna elisabeth of holstein-gottorp on 2 may 1729. Catherine ii with allegorical figures of saturn and history by fedor bognevskiy after lampi (1796, russian museum) catherine ii with allegorical figures of saturn and history by anisim belousov after lampi (1796, russian museum.
He discusses new biographies written about the successive rule of catherine ii, peter iii, and paul i raeff blames communism for the neglect of this period of russian history with communism's collapse in russia there is now a renewed interest in people such as catherine the great. Peter, now emperor, pulled russia out of the war and allied with frederick ii of prussia foolishly betraying his actions, peter prepared to be rid of his wife catherine, however, had the support of the public and the army, and was proclaimed empress on 9 july 1762. During her reign, catherine the great expanded russia's borders to the black sea and into central europe she promoted westernization and modernization though within the context of her autocratic control over russia and increasing the control of landed gentry over serfs. Catherine ii, often called catherine the great, became empress consort of russia when her husband, peter iii, ascended to the throne following the death of his aunt, elizabeth of russia, on. Catherine the great was tsarina of russia, one of the most powerful women in european history so, how did the idea that she died while attempting an unusual practice with a horse become one of the most virulent myths in modern history, transmitted by whispers in school playgrounds across the western world.
Catherine ii, a russian empress who would be known as catherine the great, ruled from 1762 to 1796 being empress of all of russia for thirty-four years, she vastly extended the russian empire and pursued the process of westernization, which had begun during the rule of peter i. Catherine the great the russian empress catherine ii (1729-1796), known as catherine the great, reigned from 1762 to 1796 she expanded the russian empire, improved administration, and vigorously pursued the policy of westernization. In 1745, after being received into the russian orthodox church, and changing her name to catherine, she married grand duke peter, grandson of peter the great and heir to the russian throne. Catherine ii, also known as catherine the great makes it to #4 on my list as best russian ruler born in 1729 in stettin, prussia as sophia augusta fredricka, she was betrothed to the orphaned grandson of peter the great whom she married in 1745. Pretenders plagued catherine the great's reign in a way unmatched by any other period in russian history at least seventeen of the twenty-six pretenders during catherine's reign appeared in one of three clusters six from 1764-1765, six from 1772-1774, and five from 1782-1786.
Catherine ii, known as catherine the great, was born princess sophie in stettin, anhalt-zerbst, a remote and poor german principality on the baltic sea she was betrothed to the heir to the russian throne, the future peter iii, in 1744. Renowned as catherine the great, empress of all the russias, this remarkable woman was neither russian nor originally named catherine born sophie friederike auguste from anhalt-zerbst, she was indeed a princess, but one that came from an obscure and impoverished german duchy. 1 catherine the great's name wasn't catherine, and she wasn't even russian the woman whom history would remember as catherine the great, russia's longest-ruling female leader, was. Elizabeth of russia elizabeth petrovna (1709 - 1762), the daughter of peter the great and his second wife, catherine i, was the empress of russia from 1741 until her death in 1762.
This item: catherine ii takeoff ( 2nd season)/ ekaterina ii russian history tv series 2017 екатерина language by marina alexandrova pavel tabakov sergey marin dvd-r $1499 only 8 left in stock - order soon. Catherine the great (catherine ii of russia) (1729-1796) of the house of romanov, (years of reign:1762-1796), empress of russia, the most renowned and the longest-ruling female monarch of russia the country was revitalised under her reign, expanding rapidly by conquest and diplomacy, larger and stronger than ever as one of the great powers of.